AJRHMS receives for publication manuscripts on all aspects of research in basic and clinical medicine and health sciences, with a focus on improving practice and research in developing countries.

The following types of submissions are accepted:

Original articles

3500 words maximum; comprehensive references; 5-7 keywords; structured abstract up to 300 words.

Review articles

5000 words maximum; comprehensive references; 5-7 keywords; structured abstract up to 300 words.

Short reports

Case reports can be submitted if they illustrate some exceptional point in the field of medical and health sciences. Structured up to 1000 words maximum; up to 10 references, 5 keywords

Practice Forum 

Submissions of a more descriptive account of how practitioners or teams tackled a specific challenge or brought about improvement in health care practices in their institution or country. 2000 words maximum; unstructured format

Letters to the editor

Correspondence to the Editor may refer to material published recently in AJRMHS or alternatively describe brief accounts of new observations or on other matters of interest. 500 words maximum; structured format

Editorial commentaries 1000 words maximum; up to 20 references; 5-7 keywords; structured abstract up to 100 words.

Each figure and/or table present will reduce the word count permitted by 200 words.

Guidelines for formatting Manuscript

Title Page: All submissions in all categories must include a title page. This should state the title (A running title not exceeding 40 characters and spaces, without any abbreviations), names and institutions of all authors (without their degrees). The name postal address, telephone number and email address of the corresponding author should be indicated. All affiliations should be provided with a lower-case superscript number just after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address.

Abstract: This should briefly explain the background information, objective, what was done, observed and ‘concluded’ under the subheadings: Background, Methods, Results and Conclusion. Abstracts should not exceed 300 words. Authors should list 5 keywords from their abstract (standard MeSH Keywords preferred), immediately after the abstract.

Introduction: A brief statement outlining the context and aim of the report. Provide a rationale for this article and history of the issue.

Methods: Clearly describe what measures/ procedures were used. include information on laboratory procedures where appropriate.

Results: Here, state results of the procedures carried out in the research only. Information may be conveyed in text or in figures or tables. All illustrations, figures, and tables should be placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.

Tables should be numbered in Roman numerals (e.g., Table III) and should include a title which makes the meaning clear without referring to the text. Tables should be in Word or Excel format and easy to understand.

Figures/Illustrations should be in finished form suitable for reproduction and to be numbered with Arabic numerals as Figures 1, 2, 3 etc. without abbreviation, in the order of their first mention in the manuscript. Details of figures should be easily discriminated at the final size. Photographs should have strong contrast and trimmed to exclude unnecessary background. A short explicit legend must be provided for each figure. Titles for figures should be short and self-explanatory, abbreviations and symbols should be defined, and their sources referenced. Avoid footnotes.

Discussion: Include an explanation of what the results imply and discuss their significance and relationship to those of others.

Conclusion: Here, state the significance of the major findings of the study.  

Conflict of interest: AJRMHS strictly adheres to the ethics of research and publication (see the Ethics and Malpractice Statement) so all authors must declare whether they have any potential conflicts of interest.

Acknowledgements: Authors should acknowledge support received towards the research.

Funding:  where the work has been supported by a grant, the source must be indicated.

Ethical approval: Approval of relevant Ethics or Institutional Review Board should be specified, if applicable.

References: referencing should be in Vancouver style. In the body of the manuscript, references should be listed numerically in superscript after punctuation. A list of references should be provided at the end of the document in numerical order, according to the sequence in which they are cited in the text. References cited in tables or in figure legends should be numbered sequentially according to the first mention in the text of the particular table or illustration. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of references and for ensuring that references given in the text comply with those in the list of references. Where available, URLs for the references should be provided.

Lists of authors: list the first three for seven or more authors and add et al.

Journal, book and chapter references should be set out as follows:


  1. RiffenburghRJ. Nosocomial infections with Legionella pneumophila. J Hosp Infect 1980; 1: 299–305.

Books and chapters

1. A standard chapter:

Author/Editor. Title. Edition if applicable. Secondary Authors/Editors if applicable. (Place of Publication): Publisher; Date of publication. Number and Name of the Chapter or Part; Pagination.

Example: Riffenburgh RH. Statistics in medicine. 2nd ed. Amsterdam (Netherlands): Elsevier Academic Press; 2006. Chapter 24, Regression and correlation methods; p. 447-86.

2. A chapter contributed by an author in an edited book

Author(s) of the contribution. Title of the contribution. In: Author/Editors. Title. Edition if applicable. Place of Publication: Publisher; Date of publication. Pagination.


Whiteside TL, Heberman RB. Effectors of immunity and rationale for immunotherapy. In: Kufe DW, Pollock RE, Weichselbaum RR, Bast RC Jr, Gansler TS, Holland JF, Frei E, editors. Cancer medicine. 6th ed. Hamilton (ON): BC Decker Inc; 2003. p. 221-8.

Important notes: European date format should be employed. English (UK) spelling should be used. Text Font should be Times new Roman, size 11 and single-spaced. All pages of the manuscript should be numbered consecutively at the bottom right corner. Micro-organisms should be referred to by their scientific names according to the binomial system. When first mentioned, the name should be spelt in full and italicized. Afterwards, the genus should be abbreviated to its initial letter, e.g., ‘S. aureus’. Employ italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses). Medicinals should be referred to by their approved generic and not proprietary names. Be consistent with punctuation and only insert a single space between words and after punctuation. Type text without end of line hyphenation, except for compound words.